Tuesday, January 21, 2020

Othello: Summary :: essays research papers

Othello: Summary *Othello is a tense, closely-knit play, with an ever-increasing emotional scene. The character Iago, Othello's ancient, is the cause of all the tragedy which comes to pass as the play progresses. He is a manipulator, opposing Othello not directly, but through other characters whom he tricks. From his actions throughout the play one sees that Iago was gifted at using other people, to further his own schemes. *Act One, Scene One is the most important because it foreshadows the whole drama. Iago gives the reader warning that he is not all that he seems when he says, "I am not what I am" (I,i). He appears to help Roderigo, a suitor to Desdemona, who has run off with Othello, the Moorish general of the Venetian army. Iago hates Othello for another reason. instead of choosing him to be his lieutenant, Othello chose Cassio. In the end of scene, Iago and Roderigo have informed Brabantio about his daughter's elopement. Then they went to confront Othello with this situation. *At the beginning of Scene Two of Act One, Iago gives advice to Othello and lets him know what is about to happen. Shortly after their talk Brabantio confronts Othello about stealing his daughter. Then they all went and saw the Duke. Othello defends himself and asks if Desdemona can testify on the behalf of him. Othello tells how that the only "witchcraft" he used were his stories, and how Brabantio used to invite him up to tell them. Finally, Brabantio disowns Desdemona and she goes to be with Othello. *Near the end of the first scene of the second act, Iago convinces Roderigo, who was observing Cassio's enthusiastic greeting of Desdemona, that Cassio and Desdemona have something going on between them. Thus manipulating Roderigo through his passion for Desdemona, Iago convinces him to provoke Cassio to anger, so that the lieutenant will be discredited in Othello's eyes and Iago can take his position. *In Act II, Scene III, I ago tricks into a drink, knowing that he has a low tolerance for alcohol, making it easier for Roderigo to provoke him to fight. Cassio departs the scene, and Iago starts to insinuate to the other soldiers is a bit of a lush. Cassio soon, returns, chasing Roderigo, and when his comrades attempt to restrain him, he strikes at them as well. When Othello arrives on the scene, Iago makes it seem that he doesn't want to discredit Cassio, but his insinuations make Othello discharge his lieutenant. However, as soon as Othello is gone, he goes to Cassio as a helpful friend.

Monday, January 13, 2020

Journey to Success

Ryan N. Fischer ID 117 Art of Being Human Education Plan Reflection After completing and filling out my educational plan I have thoroughly organized the classes that I must take in order to receive my degree in Media Studies Bachelor of Arts. The educational plan helped me organize my schedule for future semesters, which makes selecting classes a whole lot easier. God forbid if I missed an appointment for creating my future schedule with my advisor, I can now have a general platform and idea of what requirements I need to take without getting extra assistance.Creating a schedule can be very stressful for me personally and knowing what I need to take makes my future a little bit more understanding and clear. Last, it showed exactly when I can receive my degree in the future, which is very helpful for formulating future goals for myself. I personally love to strive for goals and motivate myself to complete my future goals. Knowing when I can receive my degree just helps me plan better for the future and create long-term goals.The educational plan was a great way to organize my future classes and study requirements. I feel more understanding of what steps I need to take next in order to receive my degree. As well as feeling secure with my future requirements and goals, I feel very confident and excited to start my journey in order to receive the one thing that I want. The one thing that I want of course is my degree in Media Studies and I am motivated to start the next courses starting next semester in the fall of 2013.

Sunday, January 5, 2020

Talent Management Essay Online For Free - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 9 Words: 2796 Downloads: 4 Date added: 2017/06/26 Category Management Essay Type Research paper Level High school Did you like this example? Introduction Talent management is gaining worldwide recognition. Those leadership groups who do not understand the impact that talent management could have in their organisations do not reap the rewards that come with a program that is highly effective. The term talent management is fairly new (approximately fifteen years in use). Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Talent Management Essay Online For Free" essay for you Create order Nonetheless, it is gaining momentum as social science continues to develop evidence based decision making tools. The results that materialize give leadership groups valuable information that contributes to effective decision making. Well informed decisions are those that lead to success and mitigate the time allocated in bringing them to fruition. It is not enough to want to implement a talent management program. The process must be guided and measured to ensure that the desired outcomes are on target. However, if success were to remain constant there would be no room to learn new methods or gain newfound ideas. Failure is imminent when processes are not monitored. In addition, failure has the potential to harm the organisation and in turn, the stakeholders as well. The Failure and Success of Talent Management Systems The Talent Management (TM) concept is fairly new by modern day standards. Thunnissena, Boselieb, and Fruytier (2013) posit that TM began to receive global recognition ten years prior to the publication of their article. As a result, TM appears to be moving from the developmental stages of infancy (p. 1744) to toddler stages. The newness of TM poses implementation challenges of various sorts. Hence, resulting in faulty application methodologies. Therefore, it follows that flawed TM methodologies hinder business processes, hence, creating negative domino effects within the social organisation environment. This paper shows how poorly implemented or absent TM strategies impact organisation processes. It also shows how scientifically validated strategies prevent potential harms from happening or eliminate the threat altogether. It addresses reasons why TM initiatives fail. There is a discussion on environmental conditions that lead to failure and the negative impact on employees. It closes with a recapitulation of the content. TM is a human resource concept that concerns the management of people for mutually beneficial competence exploitation. A few examples of organisations failing with regard to TM are Google, Amazon, Express Scripts, SEARS, and Dillards Inc, amongst many others. Lewis (2013) finds Google to be so decalescent that he cannot imagine why anyone would quit working there. Kantor and Streitfeld (2015) refer to Amazons workplace environment as bruising (Kantor Streitfeld 2015, para. 1). Duggan (2015) posits that Americas list of terrible companies to work for is an extensive one. This paper is structured in the following format. The content is divided into sections with subsections for discussion clarity. The failure or success of talent management topics are discussed as well. Thereafter, discussions address reasons for talent management failure, and negative affects on business. Preventive applications for the success of talent management discuss secondary subtopics that fall within the parameters of the bigger picture concept. The paper closes with concluding comments. Reasons for Talent Management Failure According to May (2015), employees leave organisations for many reasons. For example, a few of those reasons are unhappiness with their jobs, dissatisfaction with poor management strategies, and or ineffective leadership. Thunnissena, Boselieb, and Fruytier (2013) attribute potential failures to demographics, retiring baby boomers, mobile technology, and increasing globalization. Lockwood (2006) asserts that the lack of leadership commitment has a nullifying effect on the TM process Allen, Bryant, and Vardaman (2010) discuss employee turnover, dissatisfaction with salaries, and application of a one-size-fits-all retention strategy. They assert the existence of an erroneous management assumption, that all exits from the organisation fit a standard pattern. Downs and Swailess (2013) discuss the lack of social and ethical applications to talent management that affect employees in various ways. McDonald, Dear and Backstrom (2008) contribute to the discussion of specific discriminato ry management practices. Negative Affects (NA) on Business Negative affects occur for many reasons. The discussion herein refers to few negative affects that are detrimental to the profitability or production in organisations. According to Duan, Lam, Chen, Zhong (2010), employees become emotional when confronted with affective situations. As a result, some negative behaviors elicit retaliatory behaviors that do not benefit the organisation at all. Detailed Discussions: NA Related with Employee Groups Unhappy Employees. Song and Ybarra (2008) posits that unhappiness maybe be the potential result of situational demands. Additionally, he argues that unhappiness comes from the absence of positive influence (Song and Ybarra 2008, p. 57). Unhappiness falls under the umbrella of psychological well-being. As a result, environmental situations influence how employees perceive the events happening in the social environment. Hence, the potential for increased employee unhappiness contribute to dysfunctional work relationships. Thereby, affecting the employee as well as business productivity (Song and Ybarra 2008). Employee Turnover. De Mesquita-Ferreira and de Acquino-Almeida (2015) argue that employee turnover poses a serious threat to organisations. They assert that employees who leave the organisation are replaced by new employees who lack equivalent competence as the person who left. As a result, organisation productivity decreases all the while the new employee is adapting to the organisations culture. For example, profit organisations may experience lower revenues due to lower productivity. Another example is that non-profit organisations may experience interference with public programs or services due to understaffing situations. Poor Management Strategies. Toterhi and Recardo (2013) affirm that recovering from business failure is challenging and time consuming. When managers decide to cut TM budgets, they cripple the TM process altogether. Thereby, making budget cutting a poor management strategy. For example, lost revenue is one result of budget cutting decisions because budgets buy sales training, sales training increase closing skills, the more closed sales are transacted, the greater profit potential for the organisation. Therefore, it is in the best interest of all stakeholders that revenues increase (Poor 2008). Changing Demographics. Meier and Loewenbein (2003) found that an aging population create adversarial circumstances. Consider for exam ple, that baby boomers are extending their retirement as a result of improved health. Suddenly, there are integrated age groups that engage in conflicting engagements, thereby complicating the coworker relationship. The age mix has become a cause for new social science research on workplace intergenerational conflict (OBannon 2001). Weak Senior Management Commitment. Prabhu and Robson (2000) found that a lack of committed financial resources had a detrimental affect (NA) on talent management initiatives. For example, it is not unusual for TM programs to become the target of budget cuts as a management directive to reduce costs. Such reductions eliminate opportunities for workforce development. They also increase the probability of low employee retention rates. In addition, leadership influence on employee engagement decreases (Prabhu Robson 2000). Duan, Lam, Chen, Zhong (2010) assert that the NA of weak commitment eventually creates unhappy employees who have the potential t o interfere with business processes in retaliation. According to Duan, Lam, Chen, Zhong (2010), retaliatory behaviors may hurt colleagues or organizations (p. 1288). The NA of weak commitments also trickle down to employees as they perceive that leadership executives have dysfunctional habits of making promises never kept. Negative affects create potential opportunities for unethical behaviors to take place. Lack of Social And Ethical Applications. According to Hartman, DesJardins, and MacDonald (2014), and Rhodes (2006), Enron was an example of an organisation lacking social responsibility and ethical leadership. Using Enron as an example demonstrating an organisation that ignored its obligation of social responsibility has become the standard norm. The leaderships lack of moral responsibility harmed many stakeholders, namely, the public, private investors, institutional investors, as well as employees. As a result, millions of stakeholders lost life savings, investments, and 401-Ks. Consequently, the organisation sealed its defunct fate by engaging in socially irresponsible and unethical business practices. Discrimination. Perhaps the most obvious and probably the most detrimental discrimination to the workforce is that of sexual harassment (SH). Cheri-Gay (2015) says that fifty years of legal issues and law redefinitions concerning SH, that society is still making the attempt to redefine exactly what the word sexual means. Sexual harassment is one of many forms of discrimination prevalent in organisations. Discriminatory SH destroys families, emotionally scars workers, society loses trust and faith, and the organisations existence is threatened by lawsuits and other environmental repercussions (Cheri-Gay, 2015). Preventive Applications for Successful TM A look into the popularity of TM provided over twenty-three million websites. Therefore, one can consider that TM is a desirable way to achieve organisation success. Evidence based strategies promote validated alternatives for organisation success. In contrast, the attempt to reinvent the scientific evidence becomes a challenging feat. According to Allen, Bryant, and Vardaman (2010) social science promotes preventive TM application with scientifically validated strategies (SVS). SVS for TM promises a significant return on investment. Following, are a few SVS that encourage successful outcomes for the organisation. Talent Assessment According to Rothwell and Kazanas (2003), assessing employee talents begins a decision making process that becomes well informed and structured. Assessments are business tools that identify competency and skill weaknesses, as well as, strengths in the same area. The management team benefits from a decision making strategy that clarifies what competencies and skills they want to focus on. They will able to make decisions that create learning and development opportunities without second guessing themselves. Another benefit manifests itself as a time savings factor because of the SVS factor. Social Responsibility and Ethical Decision Making Social responsibility is on its way to becoming a driving force in society. The term social responsibility encourages ethical behaviors grounded in morality (Rhodes, 2006). Therefore, one can consider moral decision making as a strategy that supports the moral leadership model. Therefore, it follows that moral leadership discourages behaviors that benefit the minority, but harm the majority (Hartman, DesJardins, MacDonald 2014; Rhodes 2006). Socially responsible behavioral codes include instituting a decision making process that determines the facts, identifies all stakeholders, and considers multiple alternatives on the affective nature of the issue at hand. After the information collection process, decision makers have the power to do what is right for all stakeholders. This can only be accomplished if the decision maker lives by moral values (Hartman, DesJardins, MacDonald 2014; Rhodes 2006). Characteristics of morally focused decision makers are promoted by Rhodes (2006 ) as possessing the following, commitment to moral values, insightful transformation, courage, and positive communication skills. Leite, de Aguiar Rodrigues, and de Albuquerque (2014) posit that commitment is a behavior that engages motivation and a desire to do. Insightful transformation requires self knowledge. That knowledge comes from environmental stimulation that incorporates discernment and cognitive perception. Thereafter, social stimulation determines if one will do the right thing (Lewis, 2008). Courage. koerner (2014) discusses courage as a social identity construct. The stated construct engages ones ability to sort through environmental input and use it to make a decision on the actions to be taken. Courage is a form of oppositional behavior that seeks to relieve social stimulation pressures. Relief transpires into the action that is linked to moral values (Koerner 2014). Positive Communication Skills. Smart and Featheringham (2006) discuss effective communication as a skill that employers seek because it is critical for business operations. Effective communication skills allow employees to enter the organisation. Ineffective communication skills lead to conflicting situations. As a result, such events deprive the organisation of productive time. Articulation, writing, and good listening skills facilitate cross-functional interaction. These skills touch everything from accounting, to computers, and finance (Smart Featheringham 2006). Establish Accountability Establishing Accountability. Accountability contributes value to pre-established organisation processes. According to Kotter and Cohen (2005), accountability assignment is a leadership commitment to accept responsibility for all outcomes of business processes. Accountability requires a standard of method of operation that enhances business processes. As a result, the focal factor becomes the measurement of employee competency relative to business processes and not their skills set. Employees are in need of assistance in understanding how their jobs contribute to business functions. Kotter and Cohen (2005) suggest that employees who perceive their jobs as an asset to the organisation increase their productivity as a result of feeling important to the company. Encourage Engagement and Partnership Collaboration Encouraging Engagement. Engagement is about inspiring employees to become active volunteers of their job requirements. Establishing a two-way communication process contri butes towards voluntary engagement. Establishing focus groups and feedback debriefs increase the potential for significant engagement. Listening to employee concerns adds value to their emotional well being. In return, they reciprocate by increasing their production (Kotter Cohen 2005). Partnership Collaboration. Implementing participatory leadership (PL) strategies increases productivity and engagement. Somech (2003) asserts that participatory leadership creates an employee bond that encourages their engagement further. As a result, morale is high. This application increases productivity and enhances services for the business (Somech 2003). Conclusion The purpose of this paper was to discuss how poor talent management strategies negatively impacts organisations and employees. Presented herein are discussions that show how ineffective leadership interferes with organisation success. There are discussions on employee unhappiness, dissatisfaction, discrimination, weak leadership commitments, employee turnover, and changing demographics written to show the negative impact on organisations. In similar fashion, there are discussions on ways that those negatives can be prevented or eliminated altogether by using scientifically validated strategies. Explicit scientifically validated strategies show ways that the negative outcomes could contribute to leadership effectiveness. References AICPA 2012. CGMA report: Poor talent management stifling innovation, capping financial growth. Retrieved 20-Oct-15 From https://www.aicpa.org/press/pressreleases/2012/pages/poor-talent-management-stifling-innovation.aspx Allen, D Bryant, P, Vardaman, J 2010, Retaining talent: Replacing misconceptions with evidence-based strategies, The Academy of Management Perspectives, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 48-64. Cheri-Gay, MV 2015, 50 Years LaterStill interpreting the meaning of because of sex within Title VII and whether it prohibits sexual orientation discrimination, Air Force Law Review, vol. 73, pp. 61-109. Cornerstone (2015). Why your nonexistent talent management strategy is costing you money and how to fix it. Retrieved 20-Oct-15 From https://www.cornerstoneondemand.com/sites/default/files/whitepaper/csod-wp-nonexistent-tm-costing-money-022015.pdf de Mesquita-Ferreira, L. C. de Aquino-Almeida, C. B. 2015, Employee turnover and organizational performance: a study of the brazil ian retail sector, Brazilian Business Review (English Edition), vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 27-56. Downs, Y Swailes, S 2013, A capability approach to organizational talent management, Human Resource Development International, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 267-281. Duan, J; Lam W; Chen, Z; Zhong, Z A 2010, Leadership justice, negative organizational behaviors, and the mediating effect of affective commitment, Social Behavior Personality: An International Journal, vol. 38, no. 9, pp. 1287-1296. Duggan, W 2015. The 10 worst companies to work for. Retrieved 20-Oct-15 From https://finance.yahoo.com/news/10-worst-companies-193312245.html Hartman, L P, DesJardins, MacDonald 2014. Business ethics: Decision making for personal integrity social responsibility (3rd ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill. Kantor, J Streitfeld, D 2015. Inside Amazon: Wrestling big ideas in a bruising workplace. Retrieved 20-Oct-15 from https://www.nytimes.com/2015/08/16/technology/inside-amazon-wrestling-big-ideas-in -a-bruising-workplace.html?_r=0 Koerner, MM 2014, Courage as identity work: Accounts of workplace courage, Academy Of Management Journal, vol. 57, no. 1, pp. 63-93. Leite, N, de Aguiar Rodrigues, A, de Albuquerque, L 2014, Organizational commitment and job satisfaction: What are the potential relationships?, BAR Brazilian Administration Review, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 476-495. Lewis, P 2008, Practical reasoning as personal knowing: Pedagogical implications of polanyis insights into the development of the moral self, Political Science Reviewer, vol. 37, pp. 122-138. Lewis, A 2013. Why would anyone quit working for Google? Retrieved 20-Oct-15 From https://www.foxnews.com/opinion/2013/09/09/here-riddle-for-why-would-anyone-quit-working-at-google.html May, K 2015. Retrieved 20-Oct-15 From https://smallbusiness.chron.com/causes-effects-high-low-staff-turnover-33939.html McDonald, P, Dear, K, Backstrom, S 2008, Expecting the worst: circumstances surrounding pregnancy disc rimination at work and progress to formal redress, Industrial Relations Journal, vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 229-247. Meier, H, Loewenbein, O 2003, Changing Roles in the Organization of Companies: Demographics and project management demand hybrid skills, Management of Organizations: Systematic Research, vol. 28, pp. 87-94. OBannon, G 2001, Managing Our Future: The Generation X Factor, Public Personnel Management, vol. 30, no.1, p. 95. Poor Talent Management Leads to Missed Opportunities: UK 2008, Benefits Compensation International, vol. 38, no. 4, p. 27. Prabhu, V, Robson, A 2000, Impact of leadership and senior management commitment on business excellence: an empirical study in the North East of England, Total Quality Management, vol. 11, pp. 4-6, p. S399. Rhode, D L 2006. Introduction: Where is the leadership in moral leadership? In D. L. Rhode (Ed.), Moral leadership: The theory and practice of power, judgment, and policy (pp. 1-53). San Francisco, CA: John Wiley Sons . Smart, K, Featheringham, R 2006, Developing Effective Interpersonal Communication and Discussion Skills, Business Communication Quarterly, vol. 69, no. 3, pp. 276-283. Somech, A 2003, Relationships of participative leadership with relational demography variables: a multi-level perspective, Journal Of Organizational Behavior, vol. 24, no. 8, pp. 1003-1018. Song, H. Ybarra, O. 2008, But are you really happy?: The negativity effect in the inference of happiness and unhappiness, Basic Applied Social Psychology, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 56-65. Thunnissen, M, Boselie, P Fruytier, B. (2013). A review of talent management: infancy or adolescence? The International Journal of Human Resource Management, vol. 24 no.9, pp.1744-1761, https://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09585192.2013.777543 Toterhi, T Recardo, R J 2013. The talent funnel: How to surface key human resources. Global Business Organizational Excellence, vol. 32 no. 5, pp. 22-44. doi:10.1002/joe.21501

Saturday, December 28, 2019

Southwest Airlines Integrating Culture and Diversity in Decision Making Free Essay Example, 1500 words

This indicates that the firm is committed to two things: Customer Service Company Spirit. Customer service is clearly illustrated in the mission and it is about the highest quality and delivering what customers want. Further reading of the submissions of Gary Kelly indicates that Company Spirit is about ensuring that employees are treated in the best and fairest way possible. Upon reading the history of Southwest Airlines, it can be deduced that the airline is focused on getting the best from their employees. And this is done by respecting them and tying their development and growth individually and collectively to the growth and development of the firm. This, therefore, shows that everything that is done is focused on the people who matter. And these are the consumers and the employees. They drive the organization and the top-level strategic managers have made it a point to identify the main needs of these classes of stakeholders and meet them. Factors that Caused Southwest Airlin es to Embrace a People-Centered CultureFrom a critical review of the history of Southwest Airlines, it was formed at a time when the airline industry was steeped in state-control and state-ownership all over the world. We will write a custom essay sample on Southwest Airlines: Integrating Culture and Diversity in Decision Making or any topic specifically for you Only $17.96 $11.86/page Therefore, they embarked on a series of experiments and high-risk strategies like investing in cheaper airports that were not really popular nor considered to be primary. However, they were able to zone these airports and advertise the benefits like beating the traffic and punctuality.

Thursday, December 19, 2019

The Death Of Louis Xvi - 1004 Words

France was run by an Absolute Monarchy for many centuries. The people had nothing to say about the running of France, the king or queens words were final. France divided their population into three social groups. The quality of your life was based on which status you held. You status was determined by the family you were born into not on merit of your own attaining. After the fall of moderate revolutionaries like, Marquis de Lafayette around 1792 the constitutional monarchy was quickly being replaced by a radical republic. Louis XVI was put on trial for crimes by the National Convention. While no one doubted his guilt, they did debate whether the king should be executed. The Reign of Terror began in 1793 after the death of Louis XVI. Nine months after his execution, his wife, Queen Marie Antoinette was the first person to face the guillotine. The Reign was meant to fight those who opposed the revolution and also to stop any counter-revolution. Considered education the public would si t and watch the executions by guillotine. Of the people who were rounded up for execution were ordinary people who were considered informers or anyone who was heard to have said critical statements about the revolutionary government. There were no longer the Declaration of the Rights of Man, terror was instead in its place. Maximilien Robespierre said these words â€Å"Softness to traitors will destroy us all.† Robespierre was the man behind and fueling the Reign of Terror. At the time he was theShow MoreRelatedThe Death Of Louis Xvi And Marie Antoinette1374 Words   |  6 PagesIn June of 1791, the French revolution witnessed one of its most dramatic events. King Louis XVI and Marie-Antoinette, the Austrian born queen, escaped there parisian palace, the Tuileries. They fled Paris on the night of June 20th, dressed in rather inadequate disguises heading towards France’s eastern border. Prior to the escape, Louis had entailed a telling declaration in which he essential ly renounced the constitutional monarchy, contradictory to previously expressing his support. However planRead MoreEssay on Louis XVI506 Words   |  3 PagesLouis XVI When Louis XVI became King of France in 1774, he was only 20 years old. As the years passed, he learned how to rule better. Then he began to make changes. He abolished the age old practice of feudalism. The calling of the Estates-General was another change in the French government which he introduced. When the monarchy was abolished, he saw it as something that would help his country. All of Louis actions were attempts to achieve one goal. Louis XVI tried to please the FrenchRead MoreThe Opposing Rulers Justified By Their Means1548 Words   |  7 Pageshow drastic—ultimately achieve the most desirable outcome in favor of the people. Louis XVI exercised absolute power to make reality his visions of prosperity and power for France and its citizens. When citizens of France desired stability and a strong leader, Louis XVI stepped up assuming the role as an absolutist monarch. According to World History: The Modern Era, â€Å"In exercising absolute monarchical power, Louis expanded the borders and the power of the French state during his reign, setting theRead MoreThree Important Events During The French Revolution1201 Words   |  5 Pagesmovements throughout Europe. Three important events that occurred during the French revolution were the Storming of the Bastille, Execution of King Louis XVI, and the Reign of Terror. One important event during the French Revolution was the storming of the Bastille. There were two rumors of how the storming of the bastille happened. One rumor suggested that King Louis had intention to dismiss the National Assembly by using the military force. Another rumor suggested that the storming of the Bastille happenedRead MoreMarie Antoinette And Louis Xvi1611 Words   |  7 PagesRevolution. By the actions of growing up, Marie Antoinette had nothing to worry about as she was the heiress to the Austrian land. Married off at 15 to Louis XVI, she was given the responsibility of ruling France a much bigger country alongside her husband. Now she had more money and a husband that would do anything for her so she uses that to her advantage. Louis was a simple and innocent man; therefore Marie was able to easily influence his decisions. Both husband and wife did not really care about theRead MoreCauses Of The French Revolution1119 Words   |  5 Pagesthat did not require the pe asants to pay a ransom. He recognizes that because the king is forcing them to pay higher taxes, its leading to poverty. That overall led the kingdom to a catastrophic financial crisis (Walters). Things were so bad that Louis XVI demanded increased taxes from all levels of society (Walters). Which led to resistance because most people could not afford the high taxes. The political powers of France was one of the causes of the Revolution. In the 17th and 18th centuries, FranceRead MoreRobespierre And The Revolution By Oscar E. Segovia1568 Words   |  7 Pageslong speeches. He would become involved in the Revolution in the Estates General of 1789. The French Revolution began in 1789 under the reign of the monarch Louis XVI. During this time period France was facing bankruptcy, extreme poverty, and famine. To make matter worse, bread prices were soaring. To solve his financial crisis Louis XVI turned to Swiss banker, Jacques Necker. As director general of finance, Necker was beloved and trusted by the people. He arranged the Estates General of 1789Read MoreWhy I Didn t Be Executed And A New Reign Should Be A Better Country For All Citizens1633 Words   |  7 PagesJacobin from Paris, France. As a Jacobin, this revolution was what France needed as a whole in order to become a better country for all citizens of this wonderful country I call home. Even if this revolution led to the execution of our once king Louis XVI. The former king of France was executed yesterday in front of a whole city of people because, he was found guilty on over thirty charges. As there are many other people out there who believed that the king did not deserve to die, there are also peopleRead MoreThe Reign of Louis the XVI Essay504 Words   |  3 PagesThe Reign of Louis the XVI There is great mystery surrounding the death of Louis XVI. Many different events led up to this. His actions before, during, and after the French Revolution greatly affected his fate. The French Revolution was a very important time period in European history. However, the situation in France under Louis XVI, was a negative one. France had great financial problems and it was infested with plagues of all sorts. A lot of the financial problems were because of the AmericanRead MoreCauses Of The Reign Of Terror766 Words   |  4 PagesHave started with King Louis XVIs reign in 1789 to 1793 (document B); which lead France down a rabbit hole of poverty, starvation of the people, and an unfair tax system (background essay). All of Frances problems have manifested into something that King Louis has done, but cannot stop. With the help of Maximilien Robespierre, the Reign of Terror was declared to fix a corrupted government. The Reign of Terror was justified to rebuild the government that problems that Louis XVI created. With the help

Wednesday, December 11, 2019

Coniferous vs Deciduous Forest free essay sample

The deciduous forest occupies most of the eastern part of the United States and partially in southern Ontario. These areas are northwest of Alabama, Tennessee, Kentucky, North Carolina, West Virginia, Maryland, Ohio, and Pennsylvania. Vegetation These forests have been led to recognition of the eight major forests that is within the biome that is dominated by different species or associated with the species. These species are called mixed mesophytic, Appalachian Oak, Hemlock-white pine-northern hardwoods, oak hickory, maple-basswood, beech-maple, oak-pine, white oak, and southern pine.Mixed mesophytic forest region is one of the oldest regions of the biome and it’s the most complex and most highly developed. They are located west of the Appalachian Mountains on the southeastern part of the United States. Almost all type of their species are found in this region and is thought to be the center of spreading from one forest to another. Even though these areas are quite enormous and have over 30 different types of species, the area have only two or three species that dominate the center of the ecosystem depending on the climate. We will write a custom essay sample on Coniferous vs Deciduous Forest or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page The White Birch trees can grow to a height of 80 feet and can live for over 140 years. Their bark is white and is easily peeled, and is also known as catkins. They grow quite fast after a fire or when other trees were cut down around it. But it doesn’t compare to the white oak. This is the largest tree, as it can range from 80 to 100 feet and in diameter it can be between 3 to four feet. They are also one of the oldest trees as they can live from 500 to 600 years old. Its roots can stretch as far as 80 feet. Animal species inhabitants Birds The deciduous forest provides a wide variety of birds species.There are many kinds of species that have micro-habitats in this type of biome. Like the woodpeckers creates shelters of dead trees, and turkeys forage the ground looking for food and seeds and rest on the lower branches of the trees. It also provide shelter to many songbirds, hawks, and owls as well. Reptiles There are many reptile species that have lived and adapted in this kind of ambient in the forest. There are different species of toad, frogs, snakes, and tortoises, as well as Salamanders. They all occupy the humid forest floor where they prey on the easy invertebrate like the slugs and earth worms.Snakes like the black rat snake or copperhead prey on small birds and mammals. Mammals American bald eagles live in this type of biome. They create their large nest in these large trees that is usually near the water, and raises up to two siblings. They nest near water so they could be near the fish and migrate to areas that are similar. The American Black Bear and can run up to 25 miles an hour. They diet consist of 85% of vegetation, which includes honey and breach bee hives with the bees included. Hey are usually found in a forest with a lot of ground vegetation, with fruits and nuts.Insects Beetles make up 40% of the world’s insect population. They live in the deciduous forest for shelter and hibernation for the winter. They use the leaves to lay their eggs as the leaves provide food for them as well. The species found in these biome are the Mexican bean beetle, the Asian long horned beetle, and the ladybug beetle. Butterflies and moths are also part of the ecosystem. They pollinate flowers that are inside the forest and migrate to avoid the frigid winters. Also ants live in these areas, like the north American and European Ant.They both are part of the fire ant colonies and they catch insects on both the ground and trees. The weaver ant and leafcutter ant live in this biome and the flower seeds provide food for these ants. Climate Precipitation The regular recorded temperature of the deciduous forest is 50 degrees while the precipitation is nearly 30 to 60 inches of rain each year, an estimated 14 inches is from the winter, and 18 inches in the summer. The humidity level is usually 60 percent or higher. This is the perfect condition for many animals and plant species to thrive throughout the year. CyclesJust like everywhere else, it still has the typical seasons. It has winter, spring, fall, and autumn. While obviously the spring is the best time of the year for all the animals to roam the forest, and during the summers the temperature are not as high as in the city, with the average temperature of 70 percent. Although during the winter the temperature drops below zero, and its due to its location that they are not as livable during the other cycles. Coniferous (Taiga) Forest General Classification of Coniferous These biomes are made up of mostly cone-bearing, needle-like trees, like spruces, hemlocks, pines and firs.They are able to survive the cold temperature because they are softwood trees that are able to maintain their moisture stored inside throughout the year as they are on the northern border of the tundra as well. Regions They are located in the areas of North America from Pacific to the Atlantic, and also across northern Europe, to Japan. It covers the great majority of the northern hemisphere. Although it doesn’t extend to the south because of the temperature, humidity conditions, and especially vegetation. Growth The biggest trees are the redwood, cedar, and cypresses. They can grow up to 65 feet tall and are usually shaped like a pyramid. They have very flexible branches that grow close to each other and when the snow falls on their hard leaves, they simply slide off. Vegetation There are two types of wood that inhabit this biome, the boreal wood and the mountain wood. As the trees shed their leaves, the floor transforms into a spongy mat. Their leaves are covered with a chemical called resin, which is what helps them prevent freezing. Although this does not prevent them from a fire, but this is necessary when the pine’s node needs to germinate its pine seeds. The lower branches also help with the fern, flowers, and even fungus, like the cauliflower or rosy russula.Animal Species Inhabitants Birds Most of the birds that reside in these biomes have specialized peckers for breaking nuts and seeds, like the woodpecker. There are also the predator birds, like the ferruginous, or cooper hawk. There’s even songbirds like the Vireo species and the Pigmy, which uses the forest for nesting, food, and breeding. The birds seek food depending on what part they are in the forest, and their diet consists of insect, seeds, fruit, pinecones, small mammals, and worms. Mammals The mammals that made their home in this area need to endure icy, freezing condition with their very short summers.But most of them are able to adapt to this coldness by hibernating during the colder months of the frozen wasteland, while others migrate south. These animals are the Marmot, lynx, moose, wolverine, the Siberian tiger, grizzly and brown bear, rabbits, the grey wolf, weasel, and the American squirrel. Climate Precipitation The temperature in this type of forest ranges between negative 40 F to a cool 68 degrees. There is a 36-79 inches of rain each year in this winter land. The majority of this rain is accumulation is from the melting snow throughout the year. The precipitation depends on the location of the forest.

Wednesday, December 4, 2019

Iron In Drinking Water Essays - Spectroscopy, Absorbance

Iron In Drinking Water Purpose: The purpose of this lab was to gain the quantitative measure of the color difference between Transmitance and absorbance in 8 different samples of water containing varying amounts of iron in a range between 5-100ppm, so that we know which samples where exceptable for drinking. Data: The Mystery Solution had a transmittance of 62.2% Calculations: 80ppm(25ml)= 20ml 100ppm This means that in order to get 25ml of 80ppm solution 20ml of water must be added to the previous solution. Absorbtion: y=2-Log (concentration) Y=2-Log (10.3) Y=0.98 Mystery Solution: Absorbance= .0103 X concentration of mystery solution Absorbance= .05011 Mystery Solution: .206209615=.0103* concentration of mystery solution Concentration=20 Question 2. 125/20=6.25 x Less Question 3. 8 ounces (1 quart/32 ounces) (1 liter/1.057 quarts)=.2365 Discussion: The Spectrophotometer measures the absorbance of light, a beam of light is passed through a transparent tube containing the absorbing liquid. The intensity of light reaching a detector is compared to the intensity reaching the detector in the absence of the absorbing material. Beer's law is that the absorbance (defined as log) is proportional to the concentration.